Daniel, the eldest son of William and Dorothy Coxe of Othery, was born about 1580. He married, had one son of record, Daniel, and was still living in 16631 ; we know nothing more about him.

His son Daniel Coxe II was born around 1615, probably in Somerset, and by the 1640s had established himself as a merchant in Westminster, London. He received a grant of arms from Parliament in 1648 : "quarterly, gules and vert on each quarter a bezant : Crest : a cock vert, combed beaked and membered or : Motto : Vigilantia Praestat"2. The motto means, roughly, "watchfulness first". The grant of arms was revoked at the Restoration, but later regranted by Charles II to Daniel's son, Dr Daniel Coxe.

Towards the end of the 1630s Daniel married Susanna, and their son Daniel, the future doctor, was born in 1640 or 1641, the first of fourteen children. In 1650 Daniel bought an estate in Stoke Newington, and the growing family moved there soon afterwards. At that time Stoke Newington was a small village about three miles north of Bishopsgate on the London Road. This old Roman road, formerly Ermine Street, and in Daniel's time called the High Street at Stoke Newington, was the main road between London and Lincoln. Daniel and Susanna had six of their children christened together in St Mary's Church at Stoke Newington on 28 March 1655 - Mary, Susan, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Nathaniel and Samuel - and at least three of the younger children were christened at St Mary's during the 1660s. There had been a church on the St Mary's site since the eleventh century, and the building in which the Coxe children were christened was medieval, the original parts being constructed of stone, flint and pebbles, with a wooden spire. Some of the church had been rebuilt in 1563, using bricks, probably made locally with brickearth from Stoke Newington's brickpits ; and a west tower was added. At the time of the Coxes' arrival in Stoke Newington, St Mary's congregation was small, and mostly made up of residents of west Hackney, on the other side of the London Road, Stoke Newington's villagers preferring to travel to the church in Islington, about a mile to the south.

In 1650 the village consisted of fifty or sixty houses ; much of the parish was open meadow, with 75 of its 600 or so acres still wooded. The demesne land, about 300 acres belonging to the manor, was mostly pasture. The parish was bounded by the London Road in the east and Green Lanes in the west, linked by Church Street. Hackney Brook crossed the village from west to east, and at Stamford Hill, a continuation of London Road to the north, the road ran over a wooden bridge, which was replaced in 1687 by a larger construction of stone. Settlement was concentrated at the eastern end of Church Street, around the junction with London Road, and the houses were generally of timber. There were a few nurseries and market gardens, whose produce was sold in London's markets. The White Hind was probably the "local" when the Coxes came to Stoke Newington in the 1650s, but other inns opened, closed and reopened at various times over the next thirty years, including the Sun, the Flower de Luce, the Spread Eagle and the Three Pigeons. In 1679 residents complained that there were too many alehouses in the parish. The London Road was a favourite haunt of highwaymen, and watchmen were employed, either by St Mary's vestry or through public subscription, to patrol the village at night. The vestry were also responsible for seeing that the stocks were kept in good repair. Another danger was the plague, which killed twenty-five parishioners in 1665.

Stoke Newington manor had been the property of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral until the Civil War, when it was taken over by the Parliamentary Commissioners, and the St Mary's rectorship had been in the gift of the St Paul's prebendary for Stoke Newington. In 1649 the commissioners sold the manor to the lessee, Colonel Alexander Popham, who had already appointed his own rector, the Reverend Thomas Manton, five years earlier. Popham was a Parliamentary soldier, sympathetic to non-conformist Protestants, and together with his fellow Roundhead and Stoke Newington resident Charles Fleetwood encouraged non-conformists to come to Stoke Newington to teach and to hold meetings, assuring them of protection. Manton was a well-known Presbyterian writer, and his replacement, elected by the vestry of St Mary's in 1657, was another Presbyterian, Daniel Bull. This suggests that despite the devotion to the Anglican church of both his son Dr Daniel and his grandson Colonel Daniel, Daniel Coxe of Stoke Newington - who with his family remained loyal to St Mary's for over thirty years - had non-conformist leanings himself, and may even have chosen Stoke Newington for that reason. Even before Popham and Fleetwood took up residence, the village, with its reputation for being strongly Parliamentarian, had begun to attract non-conformist Protestants, and several of Daniel Coxe's descendants and their relatives in Stoke Newington and nearby Newington Green were prominent figures at the height of the area's Dissenting reputation in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Reverend Daniel Bull was ejected from the rectorship at the Restoration in 1660, and the manor reverted to St Paul's. The Parliamentary tradition lingered : Charles II, travelling through Stoke Newington in 1675, was shot at from a house in the London Road. Colonel Popham continued at the manor, and obtained a new lease for three lives from St Paul's ; Daniel Bull also stayed in Stoke Newington and preached in private houses to a Presbyterian community based in Church Street. In 1686 several local non-conformists, by now terming themselves Protestant Dissenters, were indicted for attending unlawful conventicles. Another non-conformist minister, Charles Morton, opened an academy at Newington Green in the 168os, including among its attractions for students a bowling green.

Daniel Coxe, gentleman of Stoke Newington, died in 1686 and was buried at St Mary's Church on 3 September. In his will, written a month earlier and proved the following July, he left most of his estate to his wife and executrix Susanna. He mentioned the outstanding sum of 600 owed him by his cousin Dr Thomas Coxe and Dr Coxe's son Thomas, and gave a quarter of whatever might eventually be recovered of the debt, together with a further 600, to his unmarried daughter Mary, on condition that she pay an equivalent part of the costs of litigation and recovery. His sons Richard, Nathaniel and Thomas had already been provided for in their marriage settlements, and his son Daniel's name appeared only as one of the subscribing witnesses, together with three of his daughters and two of his sons-in-law. Another son-in-law, Dr Thomas Trapham, was forgiven all sums "due to me upon accompt as stated in my bookes" if he paid 100 to Susanna Coxe within a year.

Susanna did not stay in Stoke Newington. She may have sold Daniel's estate, or she may have lived there for a few years until Mary married. Several of her married children and grandchildren settled either in Stoke Newington or Newington Green, and perhaps she handed the house over to one of her children. In her will she left the bulk of her estate, real and personal, to her daughter and executrix Lydia, but does not specify any property. On the date it was written, 6 April 1705, she was living in the City of London, probably with her daughter Rebecca Norton and her family in Cateaton Street. She died a month later and was buried on 10 May at St Mary's, with her husband Daniel, her son William, and perhaps a few more of her children.

The life of her eldest son, Dr Daniel Coxe, is described in the next chapter, and those of his descendants later in the book.

Richard Coxe, Daniel and Susanna's second child, was probably born in Westminster about 1642, and was still alive, and married, in 1686 when his father died ; he and his brothers Nathaniel and Thomas, who had already received their portions in the form of marriage settlements, were given ten shillings each "in full recompence and barr" of any claim they might later make to a share of Daniel Coxe's estate. Of these two younger brothers, Nathaniel, probably the seventh child, was born in Stoke Newington about 1652 and died around the turn of the eighteenth century, leaving a widow (to whom Susanna gave ten pounds for mourning in her will) but probably no children ; Thomas, the twelfth child, baptised at St Mary's on 2 December 1662, died around the same time as Nathaniel, leaving at least three children. Susanna gave his widow the same sum for mourning, and 20 to "each and every" of his children, to be paid them at the age of twenty-one.

Three of the Coxe children are known to have died young, unmarried : Samuel, the eighth child, was born in Stoke Newington on 10 March 1653/4, and died in October 1679 ; William, the ninth, born about 1657, was buried at St Mary's before 1679 ; and Priscilla, the thirteenth child, was born about 1664 and died in November 1673. The youngest of all, John, was christened at St Mary's on 25 February 1667/8, but no other record or mention of him has been found.

Hannah Coxe, Daniel and Susanna's eleventh child and sixth daughter, was christened at St Mary's church on 5 July 1661. As with John, nothing more is known of her, but one detail of her father's will raises the possibility that she may have married. Seven witnesses signed the will, six of them either Daniel's children or his sons-in-law. The seventh, Ann Matthew, might have been a servant, or a friend ; but it is conceivable that this was Hannah's married name, although no marriage has been traced.

Mary Coxe, the third child and oldest daughter, was the last to marry. She was born about 1644, before the family moved to Stoke Newington, and christened together with five of her younger siblings at St Mary's, aged about ten. She lived with her parents at Stoke Newington until her father's death, and may then have moved in with her brother Daniel and his family in Aldersgate Street. Her husband, Michael Watts, was a London merchant, a friend of John Coldham, Dr Daniel Coxe's father-in-law, and at the time of their marriage was a member of a London consortium of businessmen, the West Jersey Society, who had just bought most of Dr Coxe's property in West Jersey. It is likely that she met Michael Watts through his association with her brother's family, and quite possible they had known each other for a long time. Michael, the son of Hugh and Grace Watts of Stalbridge in Dorset, was a widower with five grown-up children : sons Richard and Samuel, and daughters Mary, married to Edmund Callamy, Elizabeth, married to Thomas Shepherd, and a third daughter married to John Morton. Mary Coxe married Michael Watts in the new church of St Benet at Paul's Wharf, not far from St Paul's Cathedral, on 6 June 1692 : she was in her late forties, her husband probably at least ten years older. After their marriage they lived in the Old Jewry area of the City of London, where Michael had conducted business for many years. In 1696 Michael was appointed a trustee of the money and property bequeathed to Dr Coxe's children in John Coldham's will, where he was described as "of London merchant", and a year later Mary and Michael were witnesses to the will of Rebecca Coldham, John's wife and Dr Coxe's mother-in-law. Susanna Coxe also called on her son-in-law, in her will written in 1705, to assist his sister-in-law Lydia with its administration. In March of the following year he made his own will, leaving everything to Mary including Pellham Farm, a family property at Buckhorn Weston, near Stalbridge. He died in the winter of 1707/8 and was buried at St Olave's Church in the Old Jewry, near the Bank of England. Mary moved to Newington Green shortly after Michael's death and made her will there in March 1708, leaving the Watts farm in Dorset and the rest of her estate to her sister Lydia, whom she named sole executrix.

Mary Watts survived her husband by more than thirty years. From Newington Green she went to Islington, where she died in 1739, and was buried at St Olave's in the City, with Michael.

Her sister Susan, born in 1646, was christened at St Mary's, Stoke Newington on the same day in 1655, when her age was recorded as nine years. She was the first of Daniel and Susanna Coxe's daughters to marry. Her husband, Dr Thomas Trapham, was the son of Thomas Trapham and Elizabeth Carpenter, who had been married in Radley, near Abingdon, Oxfordshire (then in Berkshire), in 1639. The older Thomas Trapham had been Oliver Cromwell's surgeon and, in 1651, a Commissioner of Assessment for the county of Berkshire, raising money for the Parliamentary Army Committee. As a surgeon, he had assisted Dr Thomas Wharton with his research into the glandular system, which was published as
Adenographia in 1656. His son Thomas was born in London and studied for his medical degree at Caen University in northern France, graduating in October 1664. He married Susan Coxe on 21 January 1666/7, and they had at least two children : Daniel, christened at St Mary's, Stoke Newington in January 1671/2, and Elizabeth, who was a witness to her aunt Mary Watts's will in 1708. In the 1670s the Traphams went to Jamaica, and Thomas wrote A Discourse on the State of Health in the Island of Jamaica, which was published in 1679. They were living in Stoke Newington again in the 1680s, when Thomas ran up a bill with his father-in-law Daniel Coxe, but after that no more is known of them. Their daughter Elizabeth Trapham was still alive in the 1720s, when she was mentioned briefly in the household book of her cousin Anne Harris, one of Dr Daniel Coxe's daughters.

Elizabeth Coxe, Daniel and Susanna's fifth child and third daughter, was born in 1647 or 1648 and christened at St Mary's with the others on 28 March 1655, aged seven years. She married, about 1672, Robert Boulter, Citizen and Stationer of London and a widower, whose family came from Oxfordshire and who had been born in Abingdon. His father John Boulter had married the only sister of Sir John Cutler of the Grocers' Company, but both parents died young, leaving three sons and three daughters. Robert wrote of his older brother Edmund, who was his father's executor and had taken on responsibility for his brothers and sisters, that he "hath rather been as an indulgent Father unto mee".

Between 1673 and 1683 Elizabeth and Robert Boulter lived in Cornhill in the City of London and had seven children, all of them christened in the parish church, St Michael. Two of their children died in infancy : Robert, born in 1674, and Elizabeth, born in 1680. The others were John (1673), Daniel (1677), Edmund (1678), a second Robert (born in 1681, who also probably died young) and Susanna (1682). Early in 1684 Robert Boulter died, leaving a family of young children, as his own parents had done. In his will, written in August 1678, he asked to be buried at St Mary's in Stoke Newington "as near the Corps of William Cox deceased my now wifes late Brother as Conveniently may bee". His estate was divided into three parts, according to City of London custom : one third to his wife, another to his children, and the third to be disposed of as he pleased. His children's share, until they were of age, was placed in trust with the City of London Chamber, and in case neither they or any of his nephews or nieces survived to inherit, he made four conditional bequests : to Christ's Hospital in London, to the hospital in Abingdon, a joint bequest to Pembroke College, Oxford and the free school in Abingdon, and to the Company of Stationers of London, of which he was a member, to be used to subsidise "six industrious persons of that Company for three yeares gratis". The third part of his estate he left mostly to his children, with a handful of small legacies, including 50 "for the encouragement of good preaching" at St Helen's Church in Abingdon, where his father was buried.

His uncle, Sir John Cutler, died in 1693, leaving over 17,000 in cash legacies (perhaps mindful of his reputation for miserliness) but the rest of his estate and property to his nephew Edmund Boulter, Robert's older brother. This did not include the manor of Harewood, near Leeds in Yorkshire, which Cutler had bought from the Wentworth family and leased to his daughter Elizabeth Robarts, Countess of Radnor, with the proviso that if she died childless the manor would pass to his great-nephew John Boulter, Robert and Elizabeth's oldest son. John duly inherited Harewood, with its ruined eleventh century castle, when the countess died in 1696.

Edmund Boulter, like Cutler, was a member of the Grocers' Company, and had a wholesale grocery business in London in partnership with William Nutt. He lent money to help finance the construction of the new St Paul's Cathedral, and was a man of considerable property besides his inheritance from his uncle. In his will, dated 23 March 1707/8, estates in Hampshire went to his nephew John Fryer, later Sir John, a pewterer and an Alderman of London ; others in Kent, Essex and Somerset to his brother William Boulter, to whom he also left his home in the parish of St Andrew Undershaft in the City of London. (There was no love lost between William Boulter and John Fryer : Boulter left Fryer a halter in his will, to be presented to him by the common hangman). To his nephew Daniel, Elizabeth and Robert's second son, Edmund Boulter gave property in Barlings, Stainton by Langworth and elsewhere in Lincolnshire ; and to Daniel's younger brother Edmund, the manor of Little Haseley, a few miles south-east of Oxford, and other family property in Oxfordshire.

Elizabeth Coxe's surviving children all left London : her three sons went to live on the estates they had inherited, John to Yorkshire, Daniel to Lincolnshire and Edmund to Oxfordshire. Their sister Susanna married a doctor, John Thomlinson, on 1 December 1700 at St James's Church, Duke's Place in Aldgate, London, and moved to Dalston, near Carlisle, where she had two daughters, Mary (1705) and Elizabeth (1714), and a son, Robert (1707), also a doctor. Of Elizabeth herself, the last documented references are her signature as a witness to her father Daniel's will in 1686 and the 20 given to her for mourning by her mother Susanna in 1705.

When Edmund Boulter, grandson of Daniel and Susanna Coxe, drew up his will in March 1736 he had become "Edmund Boulter of Hasely Court in the County of Oxford and Harwood in the County of York Esqr.". At his brother John's death he had inherited Harewood, which was, he wrote, "a Town and fine Estate I have always duely Valued and Loved", and he seems to have divided his time between the two counties. Daniel was still living in Lincolnshire, and his sister Susanna Thomlinson and her children were also mentioned in his will. Edmund instructed that he be buried with his brother in the chancel at Harewood parish church, with local farmers carrying his coffin and an inscription placed over the vault to both brothers, naming their various estates in Yorkshire. Of his wife there was no mention, and it must be assumed he was a widower ; his only child, Elizabeth, and her male heirs, if any, were to receive most of his estate, and she was named joint executor with Charles Butler, Earl of Arran - a friend he had met through his brother Daniel Boulter.

His longest-lasting legacy was to the Mayor and Aldermen of Oxford, in the form of annuities from various properties which were to pay for a number of charitable projects. He described his plans in detail :

... That They the said Mayor and Aldermen and their Successors with the said Yearly Rents as They receive Them Do as soon as they can Buy a piece of ground of about Two Acres or more as They Judge proper situate without the City of Oxford near the London Road and within or near the Parish of St. Clements that is not far from Maudlin Bridge and Inclose the same with a Good Stone Wall built with good Lime and Sand Mortar and afterwards Erect and build handsomely with Stone thereon Six good strong Almshouses of One Room Each with a small Garden Platt to Each Almshouse with an Inscription to this Effect in the Middle of the said Almshouses, Cutler Boulters Almshouses built and Endowed by Edmund Boulter Junior of Hasely Court in the County of Oxford and Harwood in the County of York Esq the Last Heir Male of his Great Unkle Sir John Cutler Baronet being the Youngest Grandson of his only Sister Mrs. Boulter and who by the Death of Sr. John's Two Daughters My Lady Portman and the Countess of Radnor at length his Heir, To do good to the Poor and to wise Posterity these Almshouses were built and Endowed in the Year for a poor Decayed Neat Honest Man out of Each of these Parishes, vizt., Wimple in Cambridgeshire, Harwood in Yorkshire, Wherwell in Hampshire, Hazely in Oxfordshire, Barlings in Lincolnshire and Deptford with Brockly in Kent, and I hereby Order that Each of the aforesaid Parishes are to Elect and shall Elect and recommend One clean sober poor Man to the said Mayor and Aldermen who are to place Him in the Respective Almshouse of his Parish where He may continue during his Life unless the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen at first Reject Him or afterwards at any time disapprove of Him for his Behaviour there. They are to pay and shall pay Yearly the sum of Seven Pounds by Monthly or Quarterly Payments to Each poor Man there and give Each of Them once in Two Years a good warm strong Gown with a Silver Badge Inscribed J : C Bart. and E : B Junr. ... [and] do build a Strong Stone House at the End of the aforesaid Almshouses and place therein a good and Skillful Apothecary to advise well and gratis the sick Poor of the aforesaid County of Oxford and shall pay such aforesaid Apothecary Fifty Pounds a Year clear of all Taxes by half Yearly Payments.

If his daughter Elizabeth should die without marrying, the estate of Haseley Court would also go to the Mayor and Aldermen of Oxford, who with the income thus generated would

... build at the Other End of my aforesaid Almshouses another Large Stone House and therein place One Other and Second honest Apothecary Understanding in his Business and Allow and pay Him Fifty Pounds a Year clear of all Taxes who is as well as the first mentioned Apothecary to Advise Assist and Bleed gratis the Sick and Infirm Poor of the aforesaid County of Oxford that Desire their Aid and Help and come or properly Send unto Them, And further ... do Yearly give unto Each of the aforesaid Alms Men Twenty Shillings More and a Load of Coals of Eighteen Bushels and with the Residue of the said Profits buy good and cheap Drugs to be made Use of as far as They will go for the Benefit and Use of the aforesaid Poor of the said County of Oxford as also to buy Instruments in Chirurgery and to Repair and Enlarge the said Houses and Walls and Gardens of the said Alms Men.

Edmund also gave the Master and Fellows of Pembroke College an annuity of 20 for a scholarship which was to be called Cutler Boulter's Scholarship, and go towards the education of an "ingenious youth" for seven years (and no more than seven years) who could prove that he was related either to Edmund Boulter or his wife, or to his uncle-in-law Michael Watts, his aunt Mary's husband, "who Instill'd good Principles in Me".

In 1739, three years after Edmund died, the estate at Harewood was sold to Henry Lascelles, who built Harewood House on it. The Cutler Boulter Almshouses were completed as Edmund Boulter had instructed, and the apothecary's house was added in 1786. It was the first dispensary in Oxford, and served that purpose until 1844. In 1884 a second dispensary, named the Cutler Boulter Provident Dispensary, was built in the centre of Oxford, on the corner of Worcester Street and Gloucester Green, which operated until the 1950s. The almshouses in St Clements were pulled down around 1880, and a Working Men's Institute and a Mission Hall built on the site ; the Institute soon became a coffee shop, and later a bookshop. The road where the almshouses stood is now Boulter Street.

Rebecca, the sixth of Daniel and Susanna Coxe's children, and one of the half dozen christened together, was born about 1650, and was probably still a baby when the family moved to Stoke Newington. She married John Norton, originally from Warwickshire, and a haberdasher or linen draper by trade, on 4 February 1676/7. They lived in Cateaton Street, in the parish of St Lawrence Jewry, but had a country house at Tottenham, two miles north of Stoke Newington. Three of their ten children were christened in St Mary's at Stoke Newington, probably while they were staying in Tottenham. The rest were christened in the City ; until 1687, while St Lawrence Jewry was being rebuilt, at St Mary Magdalene in Milk Street, just off Cheapside and not far from Rebecca's brother Daniel's house in Aldersgate Street, and afterwards at St Lawrence's. Four of their children - Samuel, Edward, William and Susanna - died young and were buried at Stoke Newington. The others were Daniel (born in 1678), Thomas (1679), James (1685), Rebecca (1687), Ann (1691) and Mary (1695).

In 1686 John and Rebecca Norton were among the witnesses to her father's will, and in 1692 John Norton, together with Michael Watts, Mary Coxe's husband, was a shareholder in the West Jersey Society, to whom Rebecca's brother Dr Daniel Coxe sold most of his West Jersey holdings. When Rebecca's mother moved to the City of London it was probably to live with the Nortons at Cateaton Street. In 1705 she appointed her sons-in-law John Norton and Michael Watts to assist her executor, her daughter Lydia, in administering her will, and John's eldest son Daniel Norton was a witness. Rebecca Norton (John's wife) died between 1705 and 1715, and was buried at St Mary's in Stoke Newington. In the last few years of his life John moved to Tottenham and his children shared the house in Cateaton Street, where Daniel had taken on his father's business. John Norton wrote his will in Tottenham in January 1715/6, making his sons Daniel and James executors. The marriage portions for his daughters Ann and Mary were given in trust to David Farkney, a skinner, and George Hatley, a merchant salter of London and his son Daniel's brother-in-law, with instructions that out of the 2,000 capital for each daughter they should be paid 100 a year until they married. To his other daughter Rebecca, already married and provided for, he gave 100 "as a token of my love", and he instructed Daniel to provide his son Thomas with an annuity of 50, discharging the latter of his debts. James was given his estate of Oakege, or Oakage, in Lapworth, near Warwick, together with 1,500. There were small bequests to a few servants, including his coachman William Waller, to the Reverend Hocker for the poor of Tottenham, and to his trustees. The furniture in John's home at Tottenham he gave to Ann and Mary, and in Cateaton Street to his granddaughters Rebecca Norton and Susanna Norton, Daniel's children, who were also given 100 each ; but all of his younger children were to have the use of their rooms and furniture at Cateaton Street as long as they continued to live there with Daniel, to whom he gave the rest of his real and personal estate. In April and May of 1716 John added brief codicils, instructing his son James to pay his two unmarried sisters 50 each out of the Lapworth estate, and giving 100 to his grandson John Forbes, Rebecca's only child, when he was eighteen. John Norton died in Tottenham in autumn 1716, and was buried with his wife and infant children at St Mary's, Stoke Newington.

The story of Daniel Norton's descendants in England and Virginia is told in Chapter 5.

Five years before her brother Daniel married Jane Hatley, Rebecca Norton, aged sixteen, became Lady Pitsligo on her marriage to Alexander Forbes, Fourth Lord Pitsligo, who had succeeded to his father's title twelve years earlier at the age of thirteen. They married on 5 May 1703, and for the first few years of their marriage lived at Pitsligo Castle, in Aberdeenshire, where their son John was probably born. Alexander, who had been educated mostly in France, was a member of the Scottish Parliament and a Jacobite, a supporter of the Stuart claim to the throne of England. Although by inclination more of a philosopher than a soldier, he fought in the Old Pretender's rebellion in December 1715, and managed to avoid being attainted for treason by escaping to France, where Rebecca and John joined him. They returned to Scotland in 1720, and Alexander devoted himself to studying literature. He was interested in metaphysics and the mysticism of the Quietists, and drew on his studies to write
Thoughts concerning Man's condition and duties in this Life, and his hopes in the world to come, which was published posthumously in Edinburgh in 1829. Rebecca died in 1731, and Alexander married Elizabeth Allan a few months later. He must have expected to spend the rest of his life reading and writing peacefully at Pitsligo, but after Bonnie Prince Charlie's victory at Prestonpans in September 1745 his Jacobite enthusiasm revived, and he began recruiting in Aberdeenshire. Eventually, despite his age, he was given command of a troop, which was known as Pitsligo's Regiment. He survived the terrible Battle of Culloden, but this time could not escape attainder, and spent the next ten years hiding out from English soldiers and bounty hunters. Usually disguised as a beggar, he stayed with sympathetic villagers and for brief periods at friends' houses. Occasionally he was able to visit Elizabeth at Pitsligo, but he had several narrow escapes from capture, and often had to hide in the mountains or open country. From 1756, when he was nearly eighty years old and the threat of capture had all but vanished, he lived with his son John and daughter-in-law Rebecca at Auchiries in Aberdeenshire, her family home, and died there in December 1762, surviving his second wife Elizabeth by three years.

Alexander and Rebecca Forbes's son John, Fifth Lord Pitsligo, and Rebecca, daughter of James Ogilvy of Auchiries, married in 1750 and had no children ; John died at Auchiries in 1781, Rebecca in Aberdeen in 1804.

Lydia Coxe, the tenth of Daniel and Rebecca's children, was born about 1659 at Stoke Newington. She married Joseph Davis at St Benet's Church, Paul's Wharf (where her sister Mary later married Michael Watts) on 22 April 1686. She and her husband were among the witnesses to her father's will three months later. Most of what little is known about Joseph and Lydia comes from a few family wills. They had at least three sons - Thomas, Daniel and Joseph. In Lydia's mother's will of 1705, of which she was named sole executrix, is a bequest to her of 20 for mourning, but no mention of her husband, which suggests that Lydia was already a widow, because Susanna named her other sons-in-law and referred to her daughters-in-law. Lydia was again named sole executrix of her sister Mary Watts's will, in 1708, to which one of the subscribing witnesses was Joseph Davis, almost certainly her son. Her son Daniel had been a witness to Michael Watts's will two years earlier. In the 1720s Lydia's niece Anne Harris, Dr Daniel Coxe's daughter, made a few references to "Cousin Davis" in her household book, on each occasion concerning stockings which her cousin had sent. This might have been Lydia, but is more likely to have been the wife of one of her sons. The Harrises were at Newington Green, and if the Davises had to send the stockings they probably lived further away than the City. They may have been in Uxbridge, where the Harris family made several trips for unspecified purposes ; in those days it was a long way out of London to the west, and the Harrises hired a coach and horses to get there. In 1739, when Mary Watts died, Lydia duly applied for letters of administration for her estate, but on 3 March 1757 her son Thomas Davis was granted administration of Mary and Michael Watts's wills, both having been left unadministered ; the former by Lydia, the latter first by Mary and, after her death, by Lydia. Joseph and Lydia, apparently, did not leave wills themselves. From the date of Thomas's application, it can be assumed that Lydia Davis died in 1756 or early in 1757.


1. Du Bin, Coxe Family.
2. Du Bin,
Coxe Family.

Back to Contents page

Coxe family history - other chapters

Chapter 1 - Somerset Coxes and Dr Thomas Coxe
Chapter 3 - Dr Daniel Coxe of London
Chapter 4 - Colonel Daniel Coxe
Chapter 5 - The Norton family of London and Virginia
Chapter 6 - The Jennys family